Aquaculture as a profession involves the cultivation and propagation of natural living produce of water, such as, shrimp, fish, squid, cuttle, fish, lobsters, etc. This also includes marine produce suitable for consumption as well as for industrial and medicinal purposes. India with its 7,500 km long coastline, a large inland water system and rich natural resources, has good prospects of becoming a dominant supplier of seafood which is highly sought after throughout the world.

With the opening up of the economy and thus liberalised industrial policy of the Indian government with lower customs/excise duties, the private sector has received encouragement for participation in aquaculture. The aquaculture industry is rapidly developing and providing employment to traditional fishermen as well as to those highly skilled in the production and br/eeding of fishery products. Ideal climatic conditions and abundant natural resources available in the country have also contributed to the growth of fisheries in India.

Training is offered at the undergraduate and postgraduate levels. Professional courses are offered to those with PG degrees.

The work of an aquaculturist includes production and br/eeding of all varieties of marine produce for consumption and industrial use as well as processing of seafood.

The main areas on the basis of functions can be classified as followed:

Farm Management:
This entails the performance of supervisory tasks like site selection, designing and construction of ponds, pond preparation, selective stocking, water quality management, feeding, growth, monitoring and hazard analysis up to the stage of harvesting and after.

Hatchery Management:

Here, tasks include br/oad stock collection, spawning in artificial conditions, water quality management, feeding and rearing upto the post-larve stage, oxygen packing and transportation to farms. As it is a highly sophisticated area and there is a shortage of manpower in this country because aquaculture is new here, the companies are forced to recruit people from abr/oad. Majority of the people come from countries like Thailand and the Philippines.
Post-Harvest Management and Processing:

This is very important because it prepares the products for exports after harvesting and any laxity can lead can lead to heavy losses.

Fishery Workers:
They catch, br/eed and cultivate fish and other forms of aquatic life. They also prepare nets and other equipments, operate fishing vessels, and clean, freeze and salt fish. Then they deliver the fish caught to the whole sale buyers, markets and other organisations involved in exports business.

Deep-sea fishery workers work as crew members of fishing vessels. They catch deep-sea fish for sale, or delivery them on a regular basis, to wholesale buyers and traders.
Private companies as well as public sector organisations perform the tasks of scientific br/eeding, cultivation and management of fisheries and other natural living products in the seas. The workers generally look after fish cultivation. Most of the industries are located along the country's rich coastline.


It deals with development of better and new varieties of aquaculture and extension work, at the Central and State levels and at private research institutes. Research is also conducted to increase the output and evolve better technologies for their preservation and processing. Many research projects have been taken up by the Indian Council of Agriculture Research, CFTRI, the Central Department of Biotechnology and other institutions, in order to improve the variety and production of fish, which in turn, would provide ample job opportunities in this field, especially in the area of self- to teach prospective scientists in research institutions and universities throughout the country.Initially, an aquaculturist's job involves living in remote coastal areas. The job can be very interesting and challenging, provided one has interest in marine life. Since, there is a scarcity of skilled manpower for the designing, and management of semiintensive fish farms and hatcheries, there are openings for aquaculturists in private companies and export organisations also. Therefore, the scope for employment in this field is immense.

Where To Study:
  • College of Fisheries- Tuticorin (Tamil Nadu)
  • Calcutta University - Kolkata (West Bengal)
  • Central Institute of Fisheries Education (CIFE)- Kakinada (Andhra Pradesh)
  • Rajendra Agricultural University- Pusa (Bihar)
  • Central Polytechnic- Chennai (Tamil Nadu)
  • Assam Agricultural University- Jorhat (Assam)
  • Tamil Nadu Agriculture University - Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu)
  • GB Pant University of Agriculture and Technology - Pantnagar (Uttaranchal).
  • Marine Product Processing Training centre-Mangalore (Karnataka)
  • University of Mumbai-Mumbai (Maharashtra).

Research facilities also exist in various universities, including the following:
  • Madurai Kamraj University
  • University of Cochin
  • Mangalore Fisheries University
  • Central Institute of Fisheries Education, Mumbai.
  • CIFRI, Kharagpur.

Graduate degree in science. Higher degrees in related fields preferred.


Aquatic careers are as varied as the habitats with which they are associated. The oceans are one obvious area in which people focus their marine careers; but there are many other aquatic environments such as estuaries, lakes, rivers, streams, and wetlands in which people base their work